Ethiopia has scored a double digit economic growth within the last six years consecutively because it has articulated, designed and implemented its own economic road-map: agriculture lead industrialization policy. Obviously, this policy must have worked very well otherwise there wouldn’t be a consecutive double digit economic growth for the last six years. Further, this policy was not influenced and/or dictated by any other country including the grand economic power houses. Instead, this policy was designed and put into effect solely by the Ethiopian government because it relates to the objective and realistic socio-economic conditions of the country. As majority of the Ethiopian people depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, it becomes pretty clear and pretty obvious to design a national economic development policy framework relating and reflecting agriculture and agriculture lead industrialization. Generally, the Country’s National Development Policy Framework is designed to:
Fight and eradicate poverty through achieving broad-based and pro-poor growth;
- Medium term Plans/Programs such as the then Sustainable Development and poverty Reduction Program (SDPRP) and the now Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to end Poverty (PASDEP) are primary vehicles for overall socio-economic transformation and achieving the Millennium Development Plan (MDGs):
- The SDPRP which spanned the three-year period (2002/03-2004/05) launched in 2002 following wide-ranging public consultations in 2001 was built on Agriculture, rural development and food security (Agriculture Development Led Industrialization-ADLI), decentralization and empowerment, capacity building in the public and private sector, reforms in both the justice system and the civil service;
- The Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to end Poverty (PASDEP) is a five-year (2005/06-2009/10) strategic framework that builds on the directions pursued under the SDPRP. The PASDEP deepens the fundamentals of the then SDPRP;
- Private sector development and the scaling up of resources to achieve the MDGs.
Overall Objectives of the PASDEP
The main objective of the PASDEP is to lay out the directions for accelerated, sustained, and people-economic development as well as to pave the groundwork for the attainment of the MDGs by 2015.In realizing this objective; the PASDEP will contribute to the attainment of Ethiopia’s vision of becoming a middle income country. The country’s vision specifically on the economic sector has set the following goals:
- To build an economy which has a modern and productive agricultural sector with enhanced technology and an industrial sector that plays a leading role in the economy;
- To sustain economic development and secure social justice; and,
- Increase per capita income of citizens so that it reaches at the level of those in middle-incomecountries in the coming 20 years.