Performance on Financial Transparency and Accountability
In an effort to enhance decentralized public service delivery to the poor, the Government of Ethiopia and development partners have embarked on a new mechanism known as Protection of Basic Services (PBS) since 2006. The PBS project supports Ethiopia’s progress towards the improvement of broad based economic growth, governance and basic service delivery in the health, education, agriculture, water and sanitation sectors at the local level. Financial Transparency and Accountability has been one of the sub-components of the PBS program that has been designed to support activities at the Regional/City Administrations, Woreda and sub-Woreda levels to significantly enhance transparency around public budget procedures (budget preparation, expenditure and audits); and, foster broad engagement, strengthened “voice” and power of citizen representative groups and citizens more broadly on public budget processes and public service delivery.
From the start of the implementation of the project, more efforts have been done to enhance the public understanding of the local government’s budget and enable citizens’ participation in the formulation and execution of the local government budget. In this regard, significant achievements have been registered. Among the achievements:-
- In the processes of dissemination of public budget information at the woreda level; almost 98 percent of woredas’ in the country have posted/disclosed the budget and expenditure information for their respective local citizens. At basic service delivery points (schools, health centers, farmers training centers and water points) the posting of service delivery standards has reached more than 70 percent.
- To enhance the understanding of citizens regarding the public budget formulation and spending processes, other than posting the information in public places, regions/city administrations are using mass media (radio and TV) programs, brochures, t-shirts and innovative and cultural ways for the public budget and spending information dissemination which enhanced access to information by citizens.
- Budget Literacy Training (BLT) has been another FTA tool to enhance citizens’ understanding about the budget process, service delivery issues and citizens’ roles in the planning and budgeting process. By now, BLT is so far delivered for more than 2.3million citizens across the country in all Woredas and city administrations of which more than 40% are female. Trainees were drawn from the community on the basis of their capacity to transmit their knowledge from the BLT including ‘Idir’ leaders, religious leaders, Kebele council members, sector staff, and known personalities in the communities.